Kayachikitsa (Internal Medicine) : Sharir is a blend of mind, body and soul according to Ayurved. Together they form set of a disease. Every disease is psychosomatic and to treat it we need satvavajay (Treatment of mind) chikitsa.
Shalyatantra (Surgery) : Sushruta has described surgery as the first and foremost specialty of the system. He describes various surgical procedures including abdominal operations like those for intestinal obstruction and stones in the bladder and he also mentioned specialized practices like plastic surgery. He was the first person to advocate knowledge of anatomy through the dissection of cadavers for those who wanted to learn surgery
Shalakya Tantra : Ear Nose and Throat diseases: this branch deals with diseases of the Ear Nose and Throat.
Kumarabhritya : Gynecology and Pediatrics: This branch deals with prenatal and postnatal baby care and the care of the mother before conception and during pregnancy.
Agadatantra : Toxicology: This branch deals with toxins of the vegetables, mineral and animal kingdom.
Bhutavidya : Psychiatry –Parapsychology: Ayurveda is equally concerned with mental diseases and their treatment.
Rasayana : Science of Rejuvenation: This is used to prevent diseases and for promotion and prolongation of a healthy life.
Vajikarana : The science of Aphrodisiacs: This branch deals with the means of increasing sexual vitality and efficiency.Other allied branches of Ayurveda – Later on pharmacology, pharmacy, nutrition and many other branches of Ayurveda developed slowly, as the science advanced. All these branches have been included in under graduate as well as post graduate studies.
Why Ayurved ?
Ayurved has its basic fundamentals which have never changed in due course of time.
Nature i.e. Herbs, minerals, metals even precious stones are main source of medicines.
Prakruti i.e. Constitution Is a unique concept of Ayurveda. Every patient is treated on the basis of its constitution and so treatment changes subjectively in every individual though the disease is the same.
It’s a myth that Ayurved is slow acting medicine. If properly diagnosed, we do have emergency treatments also. New practitioners are using new forms of medicines like extracts; tablets which are fast acting and are safe to take for a prolonged duration.
Where there is a limitation for modern science, the scope of Ayurved starts. In fatal diseases like cancer, Aids, TB, Renal failure, Hepatitis etc. Ayurved has been proven as the “Pathy” of choice.
Pancharama, Snehana, Swedana Shirodhara etc are the best detoxifying and relaxing treatments in this modern era. Professional induced hazards are taken care of by these treatments.
Rejuvination ie. Rasayana is a Time Tested branch of Ayurved. For increasing immunity of each system various rasayana medicines are used by Ayurved practitioners.
Ayurveda instructs you to be healthy first. So prevention by identification of the disease and causes to avoid them are equally important.